Gum disease varies greatly in symptoms and severity from bleeding gums to wobbly teeth. When gum disease is more advanced, the gum attachment moves down the tooth so that it is not as tightly held and can eventually result in the tooth needing to be removed.
Many things affect the health of your gums including hormones, genetics, certain medical conditions (eg diabetes), smoking and oral hygiene.
We strongly advise you don't smoke as this prevents the gums being able to heal themselves and results in gum disease. For help in giving up smoking please visit the following website: www.quit.ie.
Keeping your teeth clean and free from plaque is another important factor. Seeing the dentist regularly will him/her to detect if you have any early signs of gum disease and can advise you on how to prevent it getting worse.
The mildest form of gum disease can usually be treated with good brushing techniques, but sometimes a little extra help is needed so your dentist may advise you have a scale and polish to remove any tartar build up.
If you have gum disease that is more advanced, the dentist may recommend you see the hygienist for deep cleaning/root planing. This involves numbing the gums so that the root surface of the teeth can be cleaned thoroughly. There are specialist dentists who we can refer you if the gum disease is severe.